Mosquitoes are commonly associated with diseases like Malaria, Dengue, Zika and West Nile Virus. They are well known for their blood-sucking and itchy bites. The World Health Organization suggests that mosquitoes have the ability to carry and spread diseases to humans, which causes millions of deaths every year. For example, statistics in 2018 indicated that Malaria alone resulted in 405,000 reported deaths — a clear indication of the deadly character posed by mosquitoes. But what exactly do you need to know about these biting bugs? Here is a brief elucidation of some facts about mosquitoes and mosquito control.
How many Mosquito Species are there?
There are more than 3500 species of mosquitoes all over the world. However, approximately 175 species of mosquitoes are found in the US, with the common ones being the culex and seeds family.
Do all Mosquitoes Bite?
Mosquito bites arise from the saliva that is pumped in while sucking blood. While you may think that all mosquitoes pose a threat to your health, it is imperative to note that not all mosquitoes bite- only female mosquitoes bite. This is owing to their need to get nourishment for their eggs. As such, they may end up drinking up to three times their weight in blood.
How Do Mosquitoes Find Their Targets?
It is imperative to note that humans are not the mosquito’s preferred preys. Instead, they prefer cattle, horses and even birds. Research suggests that they are very sensitive pests. This is because they can smell human breath from a distance- which is attributed to the presence of receptors on their antennae.
The receptors help them detect carbon dioxide, which is released once you exhale. Therefore, they are able to follow the trail of carbon dioxide back to the source.
Another thing that helps them find their targets is the presence of heat sensors around their mouth. This allows them to detect the warmth of your body when you sweat and your body movement, thus enabling them to land on you at the best position.
When do Mosquitoes Bite?
Mosquitoes bite at different times depending on the variety of the mosquito. Therefore, while others may become active during the day, others tend to pose threats while you’re asleep.
How Can You Prevent Mosquitoes
Preventing the spread of mosquitoes should be your number one priority. This can help you avoid contracting dangerous diseases such as Malaria, dengue and chikungunya.
To protect yourself from mosquito bites, we recommend the following:
- Use essential oils like rosemary and thyme, which are effective at repelling mosquitoes
- Use insect repellents that contain DEET, which prevent the spread of mosquitoes.
- Empty any freestanding water to disrupt their breeding place
- Use mosquito traps and also mosquito nets in outdoor areas.
- Professional mosquito control is also an effective method of controlling the spread of mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes are not only very irritating, but are also disease-causing bugs. Therefore, it is imperative to protect yourself against these insects. Contact us today for a free lawn inspection.